The United States is not a state: they are a federation of States. All Member States are oligarchies based on wealth. The hard core of the electorate, the one who directs the fate of the country, is 25-30% that votes in the local elections: it also votes to all other elections and determines the outcome. It consists in a large majority of the so-called W.A.S.P.
There are on paper about twenty parties in the United States, at the practical act there are only two parties, the Republican and the Democrat.
The duopoly can’t break. In fact the Republican and Democratic parties express the American oligarchic establishment in a necessary and sufficient way.
This is happening from 1787.
The Republican Party is the party of static capital, or satisfied is voted by people quite satisfied and confident of their own material situation. These are generally small and medium-sized entrepreneurs of all sectors, of craftsmen, builders and repairers, professionals, shopkeepers, farmers and breeders, trusted employees of old and solid manufacturing companies of small and medium size, with Local market or at the national maximum. It also collects the majority of pensioners.
The Democratic Party is, however, the party of dynamic, unfulfilled, fluctuating capital.
They are in favour of the Democratic Party generally the very high income holders and the lowest ones. On the one hand we have the large corporations for American actions (multinationals) and on the other the multitude of the workers and the various wage-earners, among which certainly the majority of the civil servants.
Indeed, all the most serious conflicts in which the United States undertook began with Democratic presidents. The Lincoln of the Civil War, the Wilson of the First World War, the Roosevelt of the second, the Truman of the Korean War and the Kennedy and Johnson of the Viet Nam war were Democrats.
The United States has always been the most “interventionist” country in the international scenario.
First World War
At the time it was President Woodrow Wilson, a Presbyterian, the “Man of Wall Street” and that is of the great capital. Wilson was comfortable in ruling in favour of neutrality; So he did and was re-elected in 1916 with the slogan “He kept us out of war” (“he held us out of the war”). Things changed in 1917 as a result of the sudden weakness shown by Russia, which was entering the Labor revolution.
Americans love to say that they entered the war because a German submarine had sunk the English steamship Lusitania, causing the deaths of 1,198 people. There was a war and every nation sank the ships headed for the adversary. Prior to the departure of Lusitania, the German consulate in New York had published advertisements in newspapers alerting risk. In the holds of the ship was transported war material for Great Britain: In fact the Lusitania was actually an auxiliary warship of the Royal Navy.
There is the almost certainty that the American government was looking for such incidents to justify a hypothetical necessity of the entry into war against a public opinion very intimidated by the idea of a war in Europe against the Europeans. The reason for American participation in the First World War was only the concern that the Balance of Power in continental Europe was prejudiced, with the consequent end of the American dream for the east market.
World War II
For Americans things started to get bad from the end of the twenties. Japan had been industrialised with a surprising speed and success and since the end of the nineteenth century it had begun to claim for itself the status of dominant power in the region both from the military and, of course, commercial point of view. In 1931 Japan occupied Manchuria, key region of the and in 1937 began the invasion of the rest of China. This was a deadly threat to the secular American ambitions on the east market.
At the same time as the Japanese attack on China, in Europe the usual danger was beginning to recur with Hitler’s Germany: The formation of a very strong continental European Super-bloc from both commercial and military points of view. At first, given the profound anti-communism of the National Socialists, the United States, Britain and France, they tried to direct Germany only to Russia, a clash that they think would have been solved with nothing. It was this, as everyone knows, the sense of the Munich accords of 1938. But the plan failed and soon after the war broke out in Europe.
What to do? Intervene immediately on both fronts, against Germany and Italy on one side and against Japan on the other. Franklin Delano Roosevelt understood it at once, and worked to get the country into war. It was not so easy because the American president had two obstacles, public opinion and a part of Congress.
Senator Harry Truman: ‘ If we see that Germany is winning the war, then we should help Russia; And if Russia is winning, we should help Germany, and so make sure that they kill each other as much as possible» 82.
Soon after, Roosevelt chose Truman as Vice President!
The United States had to intervene in Europe, as in Asia, to hope that it would win the part they had linked to and try to control the conditions of peace so that the previous situation in Europe remained, and in Asia the east market was left to them. The only solution was the entry into war at the side of Great Britain and France, and unfortunately also of Russia.
So, as he declared himself neutral, Roosevelt stroked to provoke the belligerent of the chosen party as an adversa. On March 11, 1941, eighteen months after the start of the war in Europe, he succeeded in approving the Lend-Lease Act, which was intended to target the opponents of Germany and Italy for 7 billion dollars (for the Marshall plan ten years later, 12 billion will be allocated dollars, not even double and in money already inflationary by war).
In 1940, the United States had banned the export of aviation kerosene, oil and iron scrap to Japan; This was to induce Japan to sign the Treaty of mutual defence with Germany and Italy. In 1941, moreover, following the Japanese occupation of Indo-China, the United States froze the Japanese assets in their territory and blocked all trade interchange. The Japanese did not want a war with the United States because they needed their goods, so on November 20, 1941 they declared themselves willing to leave Indo-China and other positions in the Pacific, and to repeal the treaty with Germany and Italy.
The Pearl Harbor attack was by no means a surprise to Roosevelt. At 8 o’clock that Sunday the Washington office OP/20/G was already aware of the scheduled attack on Pearl Harbor for 13 o’clock.
Unnecessarily: General Marshall authorized the sending of a warning message at the base of Pearl Harbor only at 13 o’clock, when the first bombs were beginning to fall. At least twenty vessels were sunk (including eight battleships) and 2,300 men died, while some seven hundred were injured.
The United States finally entered the war.
The United States is a country that, in just over two hundred years of official history, has made an equal number of wars and armed interventions abroad, a phenomenon never documented before in history.
Has provoked hundreds of millions of deaths
The Indians were exterminated (about five million); Blacks were not only enslaved, but treated like animals. As a result of American slavery, about 40 million of individuals were exterminated in Africa.
The bombing of civilians during World War II killed three million people in Europe and Japan. They then provoked the deaths of a million German prisoners of war, out of a total of three million. Always with the bombing, they wiped out four million people in Korea and probably six million people in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia.
The total of these victims, as mentioned above, is to be assessed around 30 million.