The War of Secession

It was already loating at that time the large intestine contrast that would have led to the war of secession: that between the great liquid capital of the Puritan north-east and the Great slave driver latifondism of the south.
The most important amendment is the X, of great political value. The American political system is not based on the constitution of 1787, but on the powers that silently leaves the legislatures of the states.
Having achieved independence, the East market was thus immediately the great goal of American foreign policy; It was necessary to reach the Pacific coast.
The West constituted an opportunity in itself: from the economic point of view (huge extensions available to the Americans) from the political one (the new colonizations would serve as relief valve for the masses of unemployed and disinhered).
To the west, then. The first step was the opening of the Ohio Territory to colonization.
The war of secession had not been provoked by the problem of slavery that scandalized the puritan north: The motives were economic, though intertwined with slavery.
From 1840 to 1860 they arrived in the New England 4 million of immigrants (Great Britain and Ireland), in the South instead the Industrial revolution did not arrive, it did not need it, it was the realm of the slave-owning lanedism.
The real problem was that North and South had two completely different economies: laissez-faire capitalism in the north, and southern agrarian latifondism, mostly based on slavery. The two types of economy could not coexist!
A non-secondary problem was immigration, relied on by the north but opposed by the south. It involved federal costs that did not compete with him and the South feared a secondary immigration from the north, which would have brought unnecessary labour masses with consequent probable internal social kickbacks.
The problem between North and South was indeed the slavery of the South, in the end, but not for moral reasons: But for the economic reasons that implied the politicians and the capitalists of the North did not unleash the anti-slavery campaign to the precise purpose of provoking a war Civilian, they simply wanted to exert pressure on the south to persuade them to align themselves with their federal economic policy.
The south believed that the North was serious about slavery, that it was not only a matter of tariffs, and took the initiative to secede from the union.
It was the most bloody war ever for the United States, with its million deaths, half of them civilians (in the Second World War the dead will be 407,316, almost all military).
After the first victories of the southerners, characterized by their chivalries, the great detail of men and means of the North had at the end the best.
During the war on the initiative of Treasury Secretary Salmon P. Chase, then founder of the Chase Manhattan Bank and eminent member of the Episcopal Church, the phrase In God We Trust began to be printed on the coin.
The southern world was thus destroyed in 1865.
The outcome of the civil War of 1861-1865 accentuated the Puritan cultural colonization, especially in the south where, after the war, hordes of traders and entrepreneurs from New England rushed.
The Puritans changed their name: they became Americans.
Indians and Blacks
Having gained independence, the 13 former American colonies had immediately faced the Indian problem. It was clear that the Indians had to disappear.
The Congress chose a creeping and waiting tactic: it was not necessary to let the Indians understand the final intentions; The tribes were being put against each other by exploiting their ataviic rivalries; Their means of subsistence were eroded slowly but steadily; The tribes had to be deluged to be able to bargain their whereabouts with treaties that actually had no intention of respecting.
The Indians were constantly provoked: the settlers exterminated the game, poisoned the springs hiding on the bottom carrion of animals, absoled unscrupulous individuals to kill the Indians.
After the Civil war, General Sherman was appointed head of military operations in the west and his first decision was to starve the Plains Indians by exclaiming the Bison. He invited “all the hunters of North America and Great Britain” to hunt the bison. The bison were in fact exterminated: Still in 1850 they were calculated on the 80 million and remained 541 in 1889, reduced to only two specimens of the zoo of Chicago in 1911.
Thus the American Indians became extinct: In 1630 they were at least 5 million and the general census of the year 1900 if they calculated 250,000.
In the period of the slave trade, between about 1600 and 1860, it disappeared from Africa up to 50 million people
The period of slavery declared, lasted in the south until 1865, was tremendous: forced labour, punishments with the whip, morìe, selections of the breed, dismemberments of the family groups, masters who in case of need was rend their teeth, very wanted for the Dentures
American fundamentalism
The American Protestant churches can be grouped in about fifty currents: Adventists, Baptists, Lutherans, Methodists, Pentecostals, Presbyterians, reformed. Other Protestant American churches, thus bringing the number of the independent congregations to about 140.
The active members of the Protestant denominations are 80 million, of which 70 are white.
Mormons are 4 million; Jehovah’s Witnesses are 700,000; The members of the Salvation Army 430,000; The adherents to Worldwide Church of God a few thousand.
The most Protestant grouping is represented by Baptists, 26 million members in 90000 churches; The Methodists, 13 million and 52000 churches; The Lutherans, 9.5 million of and 19000 churches; The Pentecostals, 3.5 million members and 25,500 churches; Presbyterians, 3.4 million members with 14000 churches; The reformed, 600,000 members in 5 with 1660 churches.
The total number of Protestant churches is 275,000.
Are called fundamentalists the Protestant Americans who believe in the literal interpretation of the Bible, i.e. the Old Testament. They are currently about 20 million and are transversal to all congregations.

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